In Germany, similar to Switzerland, Denmark, Sweden and England researchers are generally employed by the host institution or received scholarship. Scholar holders are not covered by insurance and pension (because there is no tax or any other fee deduction) while the employed researchers pay various fees. The gross salary is defined according to federal rates known as TV-L (civil servant pay scale in the states). Both PhD students and Postdoc salary are paid under TV-L E13.
The net salary depends on monthly time of the work, age, tax level (family situation), and years of experiences. Generally researchers are employed for 50%, 75%, 67% or 100% of full-time contract (38.5 hours per week). Irrespective of your degree (MSc/PhD) and only depends on the funding, you might be employed half- to full-time. According to the years of experiences your salary varies. If you work one full year under a TV-L contract, your experience level goes up from level (Stufe) 1 to 2. You will reach level 3 and 4 if you have 3 and 6 years experiences, respectively. That means as a PhD student, your salary grows at the end of first and third year. In addition, you will get a special payment (also known as Christmas money) in November’s ranges from 600 to 1300 Euro.
For example, a fresh PhD student (Stufe 1) who is employed by 50% contract, and is under Tax level 1, will receive 1719.14 and 1184.18 Euro gross and net per month, respectively. It means that he/she will pay annually 31.7% of gross salary for Social fees, Health insurance, care insurance, Pension insurance, Unemployment insurance and some other governmental fees.
But if you are a Postdoc who is employed full time (100%) and have 3 years of experience, your gross and net salary are 4019.89 and 2309.7 Euro net per month, respectively. But, if you are married and your partner does not have a job (while the other condition is the same as above), your net salary will be 2635.76 Euro per month because your tax level will be 3.
In the following, the net and gross salary based on type of the contract (50, 67, 75 or 100%) and years of experience are listed:
|TV-L E13 (50%)||Stufe 1||Stufe 2||Stufe 3||Stufe 4||Stufe 5|
|Monthly Gross Salary||1719.14 €||1908.16 €||2009.95 €||2207.70 €||2481.05 €|
|Monthly net Salary||1184.18 €||1285.54 €||1339.53 €||1443.13 €||1583.68 €|
|TV-L E13 (67%)||Stufe 1||Stufe 2||Stufe 3||Stufe 4||Stufe 5|
|Monthly Gross Salary||2303.65 €||2556.93 €||2693.33 €||2958.31 €||3324.61 €|
|Monthly net Salary||1492.81 €||1622.17 €||1690.70 €||1821.57 €||1997.20 €|
|TV-L E13 (75%)||Stufe 1||Stufe 2||Stufe 3||Stufe 4||Stufe 5|
|Monthly Gross Salary||2578.71 €||2862.24 €||3014.92 €||3311.54 €||3721.58 €|
|Monthly net Salary||1633.18 €||1774.42 €||1849.13 €||1991.28 €||2173.69 €|
|TV-L E13 (100%)||Stufe 1||Stufe 2||Stufe 3||Stufe 4||Stufe 5|
|Monthly Gross Salary||3438.28 €||3816.32 €||4019.89 €||4415.39 €||4962.10 €|
|Monthly net Salary||2048.52 €||2214.70 €||2309.07 €||2498.66 €||2742.86 €|
All the numbers that I used in this post are based on the online portal of public service salary calculation (Link).
For those who are planning to study in German, some other useful links can be found in link.
Categories: Academic Career